NICAN MOPOHUA ("HERE IS TOLD")
and set down in order how a short time ago the Perfect Virgin Holy Mary Mother of God, our Queen, miraculously appeared out at Tepeyac, widely known as Guadalupe. First, She caused herself to be seen by an Indian named Juan Diego, poor but worthy of respect; and then her Precious Image appeared before the recently named Bishop, Don Fray Juan de Zumárraga.
1 Ten years after the City of Mexico was conquered, with the arrows and shields put aside, when there was peace in all the towns,
2 just as it sprouted, faith now grows green, now opens its corolla, the knowledge of the One by whom we all live: the true God.
3 At that time, the year 1531, a few days into the month of December, it happened that there was a humble but respected Indian, a poor man of the people;
4 his name was Juan Diego; he lived in Cuauhtitlán, as they say.
5 and in all the things of God, he belonged to Tlaltilolco.
6 It was Saturday, not yet dawn...